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AN/PVS-7D Night Vision Goggles

Specifications << Night Vision Combat Midnight Movie I2 << PDF Data Sheet

Currently used in Iraq by United States War fighters, The A/N (Army / Navy) PVS-7 Head mounted starlight night vision goggles are a US Military spec unit. Designed for the rigors of combat this is the unit used in Desert Storm.

The PVS/7 is featherweight and mounts very comfortably on your head. The light weight significantly reduces operator fatigue compared to older heavier foreign models.
Image resolution is superb. The gen. 3 nightvision tube installed in the pvs 7 offers crystal clear super bright viewing. Auto gain control keeps you at the right level regardless of light sources in the field of view. The unit comes with a built in IR illuminator for map reading or close up work in zero ambient light situations.


 


The ir illuminator has a visual indicator in the goggles to prevent you from accidentally leaving it on and exposing your position. Packaged in a sturdy pelican type case, the PVS 7 goggles night vision system comes complete with operations manual, all accessories, and a solid warranty.  The PVS-7 night vision goggles are currently one of the best NV observation devices on the market Together with specially calculated objective lenses and eyepiece lenses, selected 3rd generation image tubes ensure excellent light amplification and image quality.
 

 


PVS7 shown with US Military helmet mount, with included headstrap and top view

Specifications
Performance Parameters
Image itensifyer Type
GA (Gallium Arsenide) 18mm U.S. Generation Three technology
Resolution
64 lp/mm. Typical 70 lp/mm
Optics
27mm Military hardened & coated optics; f/1.2 std.
Field of View (FOV)
40 degrees
iR illuminator user switchable + led internal indicator (included onboard)
Focus Range 6" to infinity
Physical
Weight
540 grams
Ergonomic Design
Hands free operation
Mounting Provisions:   Tripod mount, head mount, hand held
Environmental
Operating Temperature
-40 to 160 degrees F nominal
Power Supply
2 AA batteries
Housing water, dust & weather proof / Purged
Standard Equipment
AN/PVS 7 night goggles with iR illuminator
Adjustable kevlar head strap & neck strap
Operator Manual
Durable Carry Case
Mfg USA


PVS7 Series 3 position operation switch

Nomenclature:

AN/PVS-7B Night Vision Goggles (NVGs)
AN/PVS-7D Night Vision Goggles (NVGs)

Description:

PVS-7B Night Vision Goggles allow the user to see at night using moonlight or starlight. AN/PVS-7D night vision goggles can be hand held, head-mounted, or helmet-mounted. The goggles have an IR illuminator for illumination or signaling. An indicator lets the user know when the IR light is on. A separate indicator signals low battery. Automatic shutoff occurs on high light, when goggle is detached from the head mount, or flipped up on the helmet mount.

Characteristics:

Weight: 18 oz
Focus Range: 20 cm to Infinity
Range: 150 m (Starlight), 300 m (Moonlight)
Battery: (2) AA or (1) BA-5567/U
Battery Life: 4-6 hours
Magnification: 1X
Field of View: 40°
Interpupilary Adjustment: 55 to 71 mm
PVS-7D and PVS-7B include head mount for hands free operation

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How to Focus PVS-7 goggles

1. Set Up

Install batteries in PVS-7. Attach and adjust Head Mount or Helmet Mount. Attach PVS-7.

Stand behind 20-foot line.

Turn lights OFF. Turn PVS-7 ON. Turn IR illuminator ON.

2. Make the (4) PVS-7 goggle adjustments

Adjust Interpupilary Distance. Slide eyepieces closer or farther apart so that each eye views each lens as a perfect circle.

Adjust Eye Relief. On the head mount and the helmet mount, adjust PVS-7 as close to the eyes as is comfortable to acquire maximum field of view. Lens caps should cover eyes.

Adjust Objective Lens. Turn Objective Lens fully counterclockwise. Rotate Objective Lens clockwise until both vertical and horizontal charts are clearly in focus.

Adjust each Diopter Ring. Turn both Diopter Rings fully counterclockwise. Close right eye. Turn left Diopter Ring clockwise until image first becomes clear. Do not turn past this point. Repeat this for right eyepiece. Re-adjust Objective Lens.

3. Afterwards, when re-focusing for distance, adjust Objective Lens ONLY. Do NOT re-adjust Diopter Rings.

PVS-7

PVS-7 Data Sheet
PVS-7 Training Handout
How to Focus PVS-7
PVS-7 Tactics, Techniques and Procedures

PVS-14

PVS-14 Data Sheet
PVS-14 Training Handout
PVS-14 Tactics, Techniques and Procedures

3X Magnifier

3X Magnifier Data Sheet

 

PVS-7

CLICK HERE FOR THE AN/PVS-7D GENERATION 3 GOGGLE PLATFORM


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1. Nomenclature:

AN/PVS-7B Night Vision Goggles (NVGs)
AN/PVS-7D Night Vision Goggles (NVGs)

2. NSN:

7B: 5855-01-228-0937
7D: 5855-01-422-5413

3. Manual:

TM 11-5855-262-10-02 Operator’s Manual, NVG AN/PVS-7B, 15 Jul 1994
TM 09500A-10/1A, 30 Dec 1997

4. Description:

AN/PVS-7D Night Vision Goggles allow the user to see at night using moonlight or starlight. PVS-7s can be hand held, head-mounted, or helmet-mounted. The goggles have an IR illuminator for illumination or signaling. An indicator lets the user know when the IR light is on. A separate indicator signals low battery. Automatic shutoff occurs on high light, when goggle is detached from the head mount, or flipped up on the helmet mount.

5. Characteristics:

Weight: 18 oz
Focus Range: 20 cm to Infinity
Range: 150 m (Starlight), 300 m (Moonlight)
Battery: (2) AA or (1) BA-5567/U
Battery Life: 4-6 hours
Magnification: 1X
Field of View: 40°
Interpupilary Adjustment: 55 to 71 mm

6. Accessories:

PVS-7s include a helmet mount and a head mount. The 7D include a compass. A 3X Magnifier attachment is available.

7. Limitations:

In complete darkness, such as inside buildings, PVS-7s are ineffective without IR illumination. The compass is 15° off. The IR illuminator illuminates only at a short range. The IR illuminator is visible to an enemy with NVGs. The helmet mount unbalances the helmet and causes neck fatigue. The 7B carrying case has a noisy velcro closure.

8. Usage Notes: The IR illuminator works well as a recognition signal during link-ups.

9. Supplier:

Marine Corps Issue. TAMCN: E1152 II BP. $3578.00

 

PVS-7 Training Handout

Ref: TM 09500A-10/1A, 30 Dec 1997

1. PVS-7 Night Vision Goggles allow the user to see at night using moonlight or starlight.

2. Major components and their purposes

PVS-7D have an (18)-item SL-3 Gear List. See Reference, pages B-4 through B-8.

  • Goggles & Lens Cap to protects lens.
  • Demist Shields (2) for high humidity and rain. Degrades visual acuity.
  • Light Interference Filter (LIF) to protect eyes from lasers.
  • Sacrificial Window to protect lens from dust and sand scratches.
  • IR Flood Lens to adjust IR beacon from spot to flood.
  • Compass to orient at night.
  • Tether Cord to dummy cord compass or 3X Magnifier Lens.
  • Head Mount & (3) Browpads to mount goggles on head.
  • Helmet Mount to mount goggles on helmet.
  • Carrying Case & Strap to carry goggles.
  • Storage Case to store goggles and all accessories.
  • Operator’s Manual

Older PVS-7Bs were not issued with a Helmet Mount, Compass, Tether Cord, or IR Flood Lens. The helmet mount, NSN 5855-01-441-0401, is far easier to use and should be back-ordered for 7Bs.

A 3X Magnifier Lens is available as an optional accessory. See Reference, pages C-2 through C-3.

3. Battery Installation. Either (1) BA-5567/U or (2) AA alkaline.

4. Indicator Lights

LOW BATTERY - Red dot in right eyepiece.

IR beacon is ON - Red dot in left eyepiece.

5. Switch

OFF / RESET - turns goggles OFF. Resets Goggles after automatic shutoff.

ON - turns goggles ON.

IR - turns IR beacon ON. Pull and turn. New goggles have temporary ON.

6. Automatic Shutoff

Goggles shut off automatically in Excessive Light, when the goggles are removed from the Head Mount, or when the goggles are flipped up from the Helmet Mount. To turn goggles back on, turn switch to OFF / RESET, then back to ON position.

7. Goggle Adjustments. PVS-7s have four (4) adjustments:

Interpupilary Distance. The two eyepieces slide apart to adjust to the user’s interpupilary distance. Adjust the Interpupilary Distance so that each eye views each lens as a perfect circle.

Eye Relief. On the head mount and the helmet mount, the distance from the goggles to the user’s eyes needs to be adjusted as close to the eyes as is comfortable.

Objective Lens Focus. The main lens rotates to focus on objects closer or farther away.

Diopter focus. Each eyepiece adjusts independently to focus each eye on the image inside the goggles. Turn objective lens to focus on an object 20 feet away. Once focused, turn left diopter ring counterclockwise all the way. Close right eye. Turn left diopter ring clockwise until image first becomes clear. Do not turn past this point. Repeat this adjustment for right eyepiece, then re-adjust objective lens focus.

8. Maintenance

Clean lens with lens paper. Turn in for maintenance if goggles have shading, edge glow, flashing, flickering, or operate intermittently. Some blemishes or spots are not deadline issues. Goggle resolution can only be adjusted by higher echelon maintenance.

9. Mounts

Always wear the PVS-7 on a mount. NVGs are not opera glasses to be worn around the neck and lifted to the eyes when needed. This requires one hand, making it impossible to shoot. The helmet mount is far superior to the head mount. On operations where helmets are not usually worn, such as boat raids, leaders may direct Marines to wear helmets solely as a platform for the PVS-7. Marines should be able to assemble all mount hardware in the dark.

Head Mount. Don Head Mount and adjust straps. Attach goggles to mount. Adjust Eye Relief by sliding mounting bracket toward or away from eyes.

Helmet Mount. Strap Helmet Mount onto helmet. Attach goggles to Mount. Adjust goggle height by loosening bracket knob and sliding goggles up and down. Adjust Eye Relief by sliding mounting bracket toward or away from eyes. Goggles can be flipped up when not in use.

10. Pre-Combat Checks

Install batteries.

Remove Lens Cap. Attach Sacrificial Window OR Compass OR 3X Magnifier.

Attach IR Flood Lens.

Don and Adjust Head Mount OR Helmet Mount.

Make the four (4) goggle adjustments.

11. IR Beacon

The IR Beacon is for illuminating near objects in very dark conditions, or for signaling. The IR beacon CAN be detected by an enemy with NVGs. Newer goggles have a momentary ON feature. Turn Beacon ON by pulling switch out and forward. Red dot in left eye indicates IR is ON. Flood Lens attachment allows beacon to adjust from spot to flood.

 

How to Focus PVS-7

1. Set Up

Install batteries in PVS-7. Don and adjust Head Mount or Helmet Mount. Attach PVS-7.

Stand behind 20-foot line.

Turn lights OFF. Turn PVS-7 ON. Turn IR illuminator ON.

2. Make the (4) PVS-7 goggle adjustments

Adjust Interpupilary Distance. Slide eyepieces closer or farther apart so that each eye views each lens as a perfect circle.

Adjust Eye Relief. On the head mount and the helmet mount, adjust PVS-7 as close to the eyes as is comfortable to acquire maximum field of view. Lens caps should cover eyes.

Adjust Objective Lens. Turn Objective Lens fully counterclockwise. Rotate Objective Lens clockwise until both vertical and horizontal charts are clearly in focus.

Adjust each Diopter Ring. Turn both Diopter Rings fully counterclockwise. Close right eye. Turn left Diopter Ring clockwise until image first becomes clear. Do not turn past this point. Repeat this for right eyepiece. Re-adjust Objective Lens.

3. Afterwards, when re-focusing for distance, adjust Objective Lens ONLY. Do NOT re-adjust Diopter Rings.

Xerox this page and next page. See bottom of next page for instructions on how to set up a PVS-7 focus lane.

 

PVS-7 Adjustment Chart

How to use this chart to establish a PVS-7 focus lane. Xerox this page and previous page. In a room or hallway with no windows, tape this chart to bulkhead. Place a tape line on the deck 20 feet away from this chart.

Paste the "How to Focus PVS-7" instructions on the bulkhead next to the tape line.

 

PVS-7 TTP

1. Fire the M-16A2 with PVS-7 and PAQ-4C

Procedure. Focus PVS-7 to infinity. Establish solid firing position with butt of weapon in shoulder or crook of arm. Do NOT attempt to align head with sights or establish stock weld. Acquire target using PVS-7. Activate PAQ-4C beam. Adjust PAQ-4C spot onto target. Pull trigger.

Techniques

  • Tracer rounds are not needed and not recommended, except for unit leaders who need to control fires.
  • Magazine change drills and immediate action drills need to be executed without looking. NVGs cannot be quickly re-focused onto magazine pouches or rifle for these actions.

Common Errors

  • Using the PAQ-4 in continuous mode. Do NOT ‘search’ the battlefield. Use the PAQ-4 beam only when engaging targets. Unit leaders, using lasers to control fire, need to control their men’s use of individual weapons laser pointers.
  • Mistaking another Marine’s PAQ-4C beam for your own.
  • Not boresighting the PAQ-4C.
  • Attempting to use the sights. The iron sights of the M-16A2 have absolutely NO effect on PAQ-4C accuracy. The weapon’s BZO, or lack of BZO, has NO effect on PAQ-4C accuracy.
  • Firing without PAQ-4C. PVS-7 without a PAQ-4C allows the shooter to acquire targets but the shooter cannot use iron sights and PVS-7 does not improve accuracy.

2. Fire the M-203 with the PVS-7 and PAQ-4C

Procedures

  • For 5.56mm, see TTP 1., above. The M-203 PAQ-4C mount is harder to use than the M-16A2 mount.
  • For 40mm grenades, PVS-7 allow the shooter to acquire targets, but the goggles cannot be quickly re-focused onto the weapon to use the leaf or quadrant sights.

Techniques

Common Errors

3. Fire the M-249 with PVS-7 and PAQ-4C

Procedure. Focus PVS-7 to infinity. Establish solid firing position with butt of weapon in shoulder. Do NOT attempt to align head with sights. Acquire target using PVS-7. Activate PAQ-4C beam. Adjust PAQ-4C spot onto target. Pull trigger.

Techniques

  • Tracer rounds are not needed and are not recommended for PAQ-4C firing. Conversely, if the M-249 does NOT have a PAQ-4C, tracer rounds are the ONLY way to fire accurately at night.
  • Ammunition reload drills, barrel change drills, and immediate action drills need to be executed without looking. NVGs cannot be quickly re-focused onto the weapon for these actions.

Common Errors

  • Using the PAQ-4 in continuous mode. Do NOT ‘search’ the battlefield. Use the PAQ-4 beam only when engaging targets. Unit leaders, using lasers to direct fire, need to limit their men’s use of individual weapons laser pointers.
  • Mistaking another Marine’s PAQ-4C beam for your own.
  • Not boresighting the PAQ-4C. Until the Marine Corps acquires a PAQ-4C mount for the M-249, field expedient mounts will be difficult to accurately boresight.
  • Attempting to use the sights. The iron sights of the M-249 have absolutely NO effect on PAQ-4C accuracy. The weapon’s BZO, or lack of BZO, or range setting, has NO effect on PAQ-4C accuracy.
  • Firing without PAQ-4C. PVS-7, used without a PAQ-4C, does allow the shooter to acquire targets but shooter cannot use iron sights and PVS-7 does not improve accuracy.

4. Fire the M-240G with PVS-7 and PAQ-4C

Procedure. Focus PVS-7 to infinity. Establish solid firing position with butt of weapon in shoulder. Do NOT attempt to align head with sights or establish stock weld. Acquire target using PVS-7. Activate PAQ-4C beam. Adjust PAQ-4C spot onto target. Pull trigger.

Techniques

  • Tracer rounds are not needed and not recommended for PAQ-4C firing. Conversely, if the M-240G does NOT have a PAQ-4C, tracer rounds are the ONLY way to fire accurately at night.
  • Ammunition reload drills, barrel change drills, and immediate action drills need to be executed without looking. NVGs cannot be quickly re-focused onto the weapon for these actions.

Common Errors

  • Firing without an assistant gunner. M-240G muzzle flash ‘whites-out’ NVGs, making it hard for the gunner to adjust fire.
  • Using the PAQ-4 in continuous mode. Do NOT ‘search’ the battlefield. Use the PAQ-4 beam only when engaging targets. Unit leaders, using lasers to direct fire, need to control their men’s use of individual weapons laser pointers.
  • Mistaking another Marine’s PAQ-4C beam for your own.
  • Not boresighting the PAQ-4C. Until the Marine Corps acquires a PAQ-4C mount for the M-240G, field expedient mounts will be difficult to accurately boresight.
  • Attempting to use the sights. The iron sights of the M-240G have NO effect on PAQ-4C accuracy. The weapon’s BZO, or lack of BZO, or range setting, has NO effect on PAQ-4C accuracy.
  • Firing without PAQ-4C. PVS-7, used without a PAQ-4C, does allow the shooter to acquire targets but shooter cannot use iron sights and PVS-7 does not improve accuracy.

5. Fire the Mk153 SMAW with PVS-7 and PAQ-4C

Procedure. Remove optical sight. Mount PAQ-4C, inverted, to sight mount. Focus PVS-7 to infinity. Acquire target using PVS-7. Do NOT attempt to align head with sights. Activate PAQ-4C beam. Adjust PAQ-4C spot onto target. Do NOT fire spotting rounds. Pull trigger.

Techniques. Ammunition reload drills and immediate action drills need to be executed without looking. NVGs cannot be quickly re-focused onto the weapon for these actions. 3X magnifier can be used.

Common Errors

  • Using the PAQ-4 in continuous mode. Do NOT ‘search’ the battlefield. Use the PAQ-4 beam only when engaging targets. Unit leaders, using lasers to direct fire, need to limit their men’s use of individual weapons laser pointers.
  • Mistaking another Marine’s PAQ-4C beam for your own.
  • Not boresighting the PAQ-4C. Until the Marine Corps acquires a PAQ-4C mount for the Mk153, field expedient mounting will be difficult to accurately boresight.
  • Attempting to use the sight. Sights have NO effect on PAQ-4C accuracy.
  • Firing without PAQ-4C. PVS-7, used without a PAQ-4C, does allow the shooter to acquire targets but shooter cannot use day sight and PVS-7 does not improve accuracy.

Note. See Section 2.3 for mounting, boresighting, and firing the Mk153 SMAW with PAQ-4C.

6. Fire the M-224 60mm Mortar in hand-held mode with PVS-7

Procedure. Setup mortar with M7 assault baseplate. Acquire target with PVS-7. Keep eye on target. Call out distance estimate to assistant gunner. Align tube with target. Assistant gunner, viewing luminous range scale, calls ‘forward’ or ‘back’ to adjust range and loads weapon. Pull trigger.

Techniques

Common Errors

  • Task overload. One man cannot shift focus between target and luminous range scale.
  • Range estimation is difficult at night. See TTP 11., below.
  • Distant target. The maximum range for PVS-7 is only 300m. 3X magnifer can be used.

7. Fire the AT-4 using PVS-7 and PAQ-4C

Procedure. Mount PAQ-4C to AT-4 using field expedient means. Do NOT attempt to align head with sights. Acquire target using PVS-7. Activate PAQ-4C beam. Adjust PAQ-4C spot onto target. Pull trigger.

Techniques

  • Boresighting. AT-4 expedient mounting cannot by boresighted.
  • Illumination. Set up AT-4 in the dark. Remove PVS-7. Normal AT-4 sights can be used if target area is illuminated immediately before firing.

Common Errors

  • Using the PAQ-4 in continuous mode. Do NOT ‘search’ the battlefield. Use the PAQ-4 beam only when engaging targets. Unit leaders, using lasers to direct fire, need to limit their men’s use of individual weapons laser pointers.
  • Mistaking another Marine’s PAQ-4C beam for your own.
  • Attempting to use the sights. Sights have absolutely NO effect on PAQ-4C accuracy.
  • Firing without PAQ-4C. PVS-7, used without a PAQ-4C, does allow the shooter to set up weapon and acquire targets but shooter cannot use sight and PVS-7 does not improve AT-4 accuracy.

8. Fire the M-9 using PVS-7

Procedure. Focus PVS-7 on target. Do NOT attempt to align head with sights. Acquire target using PVS-7. Align body so PVS-7 vision parallels weapon direction. Focus ‘over the sights.’ Pull trigger.

Techniques

Common Errors

9. Read a map with PVS-7

Procedure. Lay the map on a flat, stationary surface. Holding head and goggles steady at a fixed distance, focus goggles on map. (20) centimeters is minimum focus range. Use a finger or pencil to maintain position on map when scanning remainder of map or looking at other objects.

Techniques. Tape all overlays to map to minimize moving parts. Fold map to minimize searching and folding in the dark. Use a second Marine to read notes or sketches, write notes, or talk on the radio.

Common Errors

  • Attempting to read the map ‘off-hand’. Movement of hand and head makes focusing impossible.
  • Task overload. Due to fixed-distance focus and limited field of view, maintain the NVG on one item. Have a second Marine focus on other tasks.

10. Navigate with PVS-7

Procedures

  • Ded Reckoning. Hold compass steady against body. Adjust NVGs to read dial. Look up and adjust NVGs to distant steering mark. Walk.
  • Terrain-Association. Adjust NVGs to infinity. While moving, observe terrain, and follow preplanned route. Realize that many terrain features appear different or not at all on NVGs.

Techniques

  • Maintain focus on distant terrain. Do no attempt to continuously refocus NVGs on ground or vegetation. When stopping to read map, see TTP 8., above.
  • While moving, binoculars can also be used to improve distant night viewing.
  • Realize that sense of hearing, smell, and touch is decreased due to concentration required for NVGs.
  • The Lensatic Compass has luminous markings. Silva-type compasses are difficult to read with NVGs.
  • Realize that depth perception is poor when using PVS-7. Experience with PVS-7 increases ability to perceive depth.

Common Errors

  • Overconfidence. NVGs do not turn night into day. Good route planning is still a necessity.
  • Tunnel vision. NVGs cut view from 188° to 40° . Scan continuously to make up for this limitation.
  • Using the PVS-7 compass. This compass is off by approximately 15° due to metal in the mount. Use this compass for general orientation. Do not use this compass for taking azimuths while ded reckoning.
  • Using the IR illuminator. In the 1982 Falklands War, British patrols could clearly observe Argentinean leaders moving at night with their NVG IR illuminators turned on.

11. Estimate Range using PVS-7

Procedure. Acquire target with PVS-7. Estimate range to target.

Techniques

  • Use a map. Know your position. Look for identifying terrain features on the ground that can be found on the map. Have a second man look at the map to avoid refocusing between the map and the ground.
  • Use a Laser Pointer to mark target for another Marine on PVS-7. Compare range estimates.
  • Realize that depth perception is poor when using PVS-7. Experience with PVS-7 increases ability to perceive depth.

Common Errors

  • Underestimation. At night, at ranges under 800m, Marines tend to underestimate range. If the terrain between the observer and his target is low ground, Marines tend to underestimate the range.
  • Distant Target. The maximum range for PVS-7 is only 300m.

12. Call for Mortars, Artillery, and NSFS using PVS-7 to observe

Procedure. Focus PVS-7 to infinity. Use the bracket technique to get rounds on target. Realize that it is difficult to estimate distance using the PVS-7 at night. HE rounds are clearly visible on PVS-7, sometimes the glowing shrapnel can be observed flying through the air.

Techniques

  • Because PVS-7 reduces depth perception, use a map to help spot rounds. Determine distances by comparing surrounding terrain to the target. When a round splashes, try to plot its location on the map.
  • With PVS-7, white phosphorous mortar rounds work well for adjusting because the round is visible burning on the deck. For artillery, the M825 felt wedges look like burning red coals on the deck.
  • During high light level nights, M-22 binoculars can be used to measure mil deviation. Locate the round with PVS-7 and then quickly switch to the M-22 to measure deviation and estimate distance.
  • During low light level nights, M-22 binoculars cannot be used. The ‘Hand Estimation Method’ cannot be used with PVS-7 due to the requirement for rapidly focusing from far to near.
  • Realize that depth perception is poor when using PVS-7. Experience with PVS-7 increases ability to perceive depth.
  • A mil scale lens cap for the PVS-7 would allow observers to estimate left and right adjustments.
  • Using coordinated illumination allows the observer to operate in daylight conditions.
  • Marking a target for aircraft is best done using M825 improved smoke. The felt wedges look like burning coals spread on the deck, and are clearly visible for minutes. The smoke screen may obscure the mark for non-IR equipped aircraft. WP has a bright flash, but subsides too quickly.

Common Errors

  • Not realizing the depth perception limitations of the PVS-7.
  • Not using the map to become familiar with the terrain around the target area.
  • Not using PVS-7. Calling and adjusting at night is difficult to the unaided eye. HE produces a quick flash that is seen momentarily, if at all. WP produces an intense flash, but subsides quickly.

13. Acquire CAS aircraft using PVS-7

Procedure. Focus PVS-7 to infinity. Divide up the sky. Using a map for terrain association and the aircraft’s final attack heading, sector off the airspace from which the aircraft will approach. Using all available eyes focused on this airspace, search for the ‘moving star’ with the aid of the PVS-7. Once the aircraft is acquired, padlock it. Do not look away.

Techniques. PVS-7 focused at infinity reduces the halo effect caused by the high luminance of the stars.

Common Errors

  • Not looking in the right direction. Always use the map to sector off the sky.
  • Tunnel vision. PVS-7s cut field of view from 188° to 40° . Scan continuously to compensate for reduced FOV.
  • Losing sight of the aircraft. Once the aircraft is located, do not look away, or have a member of the TACP team watch the aircraft. This will save having to find the aircraft twice.
  • Task saturation. One man spots and clears the aircraft to deliver ordinance. Assign someone to operate the laser pointer and any other distracting tasks.

14. Call for Close Air Support using PVS-7. See Hand-held Laser Pointer TTP.

15. Execute surveillance with PVS-7 and 3X Magnifier.

Procedure. Attach 3X to PVS-7. Focus on target area. Scan continuously.

Techniques. 3X makes goggles heavy. For long periods of surveillance, rest goggles on a flat surface. Narrow field of view requires constant movement to cover sector of observation. Binoculars can augment surveillance even at night. Relieve observers frequently.

Common Errors

  • Overconfidence. 3X gives greater magnification, but at a cost of less light and less field of view. The image is darker and some targets are more difficult to identify.
  • Obscuration. Any type of smoke or fog reduces the PVS-7s ability to see objects. This works to reduce the enemy’s NVG capability as well.

16. Clear a room with PVS-7

Procedure. Flip up PVS-7 on Helmet Mount. Turn on white-light weapons-mounted flashlight. Allow eyes to adjust. Clear rooms and buildings using white light.

Techniques

  • White light is recommended in MOUT. In buildings and restricted areas, the PVS-7 reduced field of view is a significant hazard. White light increases field of view, permits accurate target identification, and allows building lights to be used. Muzzle flashes, pyro, detonations, or cultural lighting does not blind Marines. Each Marine needs a weapons-mounted white-light flashlight.
  • In large, open buildings such as hangars, use PVS-7 with IR illuminator on, augmented with IR illuminators. A weapons-mounted flashlight with an IR filter is recommended.
  • When moving between buildings, PVS-7 should be used. From outside a building, IR weapons pointers can be used to illuminate inside darkened hallways, and open windows.

Common Errors. Attempting to clear rooms and buildings using the IR illuminator on PVS-7.

17. Pass Hand and Arm Signals using PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques

Common Errors

 

18. Navigate in an AAV using PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques. PVS-7 do NOT mount to the standard CVC helmet.

Common Errors

 

19. Navigate in a boat using PVS-7

Procedures

Techniques. PVS-7 have difficulty seeing IR chemlites mounted on engine housing rear. Using PVS-7 to take bearings for navigation is difficult due to range limitations.

Common Errors

 

20. Don PVS-7 while moving on foot

Procedure

Techniques

Common Errors

 

21. Establish a Pickup Zone using PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques

Common Errors

 

22. Operate PRC-119 with PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques. PRC-119 has illuminated control panel. Most radio tasks can be accomplished without NVGs.

Common Errors

 

23. Identify Enemy and Friendly Equipment using PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques

Common Errors

 

24. Install and Recover the M-18A1 Claymore using PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques

Common Errors

 

25. Wear Field Protective Mask with PVS-7

Procedure. Attach PVS-7 to Helmet Mount.

Techniques. Head Mount CANNOT be worn with field protective mask.

Common Errors

 

26. Ski with PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques

Common Errors

 

27. Conduct two-party cliff climb with PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques. Extensive practice is required to develop NVG climbing ability. Skill to re-focus PVS-7 between cliff face, hands, and equipment makes technique difficult to train large numbers of climbers.

Common Errors

 

28. Load ammunition with PVS-7

Procedure. Load M-16A2 magazine. Load M-249. Load M-240G.

Techniques. Marines must be trained to conduct immediate actions by feel in the dark. Refocusing PVS-7 onto the weapons is slow. Using the IR illuminator is dangerous.

Common Errors

 

29. Waterproof PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques

Common Errors

 

30. React to illumination with PVS-7

Procedure. Turn head. Close eyes. If goggles shut down, turn switch to OFF, then ON to reset.

Techniques

  • If situation will not allow you to close both eyes, close one eye. Dark adaptation occurs independently in each eye.
  • When firing a weapon, use short bursts to minimize muzzle flash and maintain dark adaptation.

Common Errors. Looking at illumination through goggles.

 

31. Use PVS-7 in the prone position

Procedure

Techniques. When wearing the flak jacket and lying in the prone, the PVS-7 on the helmet mount is pushed toward the ground, making it difficult to maintain visibility.

Common Errors

 

32. Fire the bangalore torpedo with PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques

Common Errors

 

33. Fastrope with PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques

Common Errors

 

34. Throw grenades with PVS-7

Procedure

Techniques

Common Errors

 

35. Signal with PVS-7 IR illuminator

Procedure. Turn goggles toward distant unit. Using IR switch, turn IR illuminator on and off to pass required signal. Observe distant unit for proper response.

Techniques

  • Linkup procedures. Standard Operating Procedure should define linkup signal: "Moving unit initiates signal with four flashes. Stationary unit responds with two flashes."
  • POSREP procedures. During SBF drill or other coordination drill, have distant unit signal: "Flash IR twice to confirm location."
  • Signals should conform to standard usage. Two of anything is YES. Three of anything is DANGER.

Common Errors. Speed. Slow, deliberate signals are easier to see and recognize.

 

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